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The emergence of the Dajjal is the most important sign as his trial and fitna will be the biggest ever seen on the Face of the earth and even those firm in faith will be shaken.
The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) said, “Between the creation of Prophet Adam (A.S) and the coming of the last hour, there will arise no matter more serious than the Dajjal.” (Imran-b-Hussain/ Muslim)
Due to the severity of this turmoil, every Prophet from the first to the last warned and informed his people about, the Dajjal and his turmoil. (Anas / Bukhari, Muslim)
The Dajjal will appear once the Muslim army, have conquered Constantinople and reached Syria. Emerging from the east, moving from city to city he will perform unusual feat and cause fitna wherever he goes.
Signs that will precede him
The coming of Imaam Mahdi
In light of many Ahadith the Ulama of the Ahlus-Sunnah are of the opinion that Imaam Mahdi will come before the Dajjal and the Dajjal will appear in the later parts of Imaam Mahdi’s reign.
The Great Famine
There will be a famine for three years before his appearance. In the first year of the famine the heaven will withhold one third of its rain and the earth one third of its crops. In the second year of the famine heaven will withhold two thirds of its rain and the earth will withhold two thirds of its crops. In the third year there will not be a single drop of rain and not a single thing will grow and thus all the animals with hoofs and biting teeth will die and the Tasbeeh will suffice the believers hunger. (Asma-b-Yauzeed-Mishkat)
His father will be tall and thin and his nose will be pointed like a beak while his mother will be fat with two long hands. They will both remain thirty years without a child. After thirty years a one eyed son with biting teeth and of little benefit will be born to them whose heart will remain awake while his eyes will sleep. (Abu-Bakara-Tirmidhi)
General signs that will precede Dajjal
From the hadith of Umme Shareek which can be found in Muslim we could conclude the Arabs will be less in numbers. At the same time we can conclude from the hadith of Jabir-b-Abdullah which can be found in An-Nihaya that religious learning will be at a low and very few people will be aquainted with religious principles and doctrines and thus ignorance will prevail.
Conquering Constantinople with Takbir, the Muslims will begin to take the booty. While they are distributing the war posses- sions a proclaimer will proclaim that the Dajjal has appeared and causing fitna in your homes. On hearing this cry the Muslims will leave the booty and head towards Syria. It will come to their knowledge that this was a false rumour. However after reaching Syria the Dajjal will truly emerge. He will come out from a road between Syria and Iraq and his emergence will become known in Isfahan at a place called Yahoodah. Riding a white ass, the two ears of which will be forty hands apart, 70,000 Jew’s of Isfahan will follow him with hoods on their heads. Also accompanied by Devils and Jewish magicians he will first claim Prophethood and then Godhood. Travelling as fast as those clouds which are driven by the winds he will travel to east and west entering every country, carrying out murders, pillage, devastation and performing unusual feats wherever he goes.
Two angels resembling two Prophets, one on either side will accompany him. This will be to test mankind. Hence Dajjal will ask, “Am I not your lord? Do I not give life and death?” One of the angels will reply, “You are a liar.” However nobody will be able to hear this reply besides the other angel. The second angel addressing the first angel will say, “You are speaking the truth.” Every body will hear what this second angel said and will think that an angel is testifying that the Dajjal is Allah though in reality this second angel was addressing the first and agreeing with his reply that you are speaking the truth that the Dajjal is certainly a liar. (Narrated by Safeena-Musnad Ahrnad)
He will come to a Bedouin whose parents have passed away and will say to him, “Will you believe that I am your Lord if I bring your parents back to life.” He will reply, “Yes.” The devils that are accompanying him will take the form of his parents and after resembling his parents will say to him, “Oh child believe in him and follow him, he is your Lord.’ The Bedouin will be deceived and forced into believing him. (Abu Umamah/Ibne Majah)
He will come to another Bedouin and say, “Will you believe in me as your Lord if I bring your camel back to life?” “Yes”, he will reply. He will make a figure for him like his camel, which will have a beautiful odour and a big hump. (Asma-b-Yazeed /Mishkat)
He will have water and fire with him. As for that which the people will see as water, in reality will be fire, which will burn and as for that which people will see as fire, in reality will be cold, sweet water. The Prophet’s (S.A.W.) advice is: “Whoever meets the Dajjal and sees the water and the fire, he should fall in the fire and not the water, as the fire in reality is water and the water in reality is fire.” (Hudaifah/Mishkat)
Believers in Allah will face hardship while The believers in Dajjal will temporarily rejoice
He will come to people and tell them he is Allah and they will believe him. The sky on his order will pour rain and the earth will grow crops for these people. Their animals will graze on his land and return to them in the evening with large udders and their flanks full. He will then proceed to some other people and call them but they will refuse to believe him. Without forcing them he will leave and carry on with his mission. However, when these true believers wake up in the morning they will find that they are penniless and all their properties have been destroyed. (Nawwas-b-Samaan/Muslim)
The Earth will disclose treasure at his command
Passing by a place in ruins, he will order it to take out its hidden treasure. The earth will immediately take out its hidden treasure. The earth will immediately take out its treasure and the treasure will literally follow him wherever he goes like bees following the queen bee. (Nawwas-b-Samaan/Muslim)
Dajjal faces Opposition
On hearing about the Dajjal a true believer will head towards him. However, on the way he will be stopped by Dajjal’s soldiers and asked where he is intending to go. Replying that he is going to meet the person who claims that he is Allah, the soldiers doubting him will ask, ”Do you not believe in our Lord (Dajjal)?” He will reply there is nothing hidden about our Lord Allah so how can I take Dajjal as my Lord. Angry at his reply they will decide to kill him. But all of a sudden one of them will say, ”Hasn’t our Lord (Dajjal) prohibited us from killing anyone without his permission?” Thus they will take him to the Dajjal. On seeing the Dajjal he will shout, “O people this is the Dajjal the Prophet (S.A.W.) mentioned and warned the believers of”. Dajjal will order to kill him. He will be placed on his belly and severely beaten. He will be asked, “Do you still not believe in him?” “No! You are the lying Dajjal” he will reply. The true believer will then be sawn into two pieces, the Dajjal will walk in between the two pieces and address him, “Stand up.” The true believer will become alive and stand up in one piece. Yet again he will be asked, “Do you now believe in me?” He will reply, “It has only added to my insight concerning you that you are really the Dajjal.” The believer will then proclaim, “O people he will not be able to do anything to any man after me.” The Dajjal angry at his refusal will grab hold of him and place a knife between his neck and throat to slaughter him but he will be unsuccessful as Allah will place copper in that area and the knife will find no way to penetrate. The Dajjal will grab hold of his hands and legs and throw him into the fire. However, the fire will turn into a pleasant garden for him. This person will be the greatest martyr in the eyes of Allah and achieve the highest position due to his first death, which was caused by severance of the body in two pieces.(Abu Saeed al-Khudri /Muslim)
Doctors and surgeons are not able to restore the eyesight of those born blind or cure the leper. Dajjal will be able to cure those born blind, restore their eyesight and cure the leper. (Abdullah-b-Mugaffal-Kanzul-Unimal)
He will have a mountain of bread with him but he will only give bread to those that believe and follow him. (Jabir-b-Abdullah-An-Nihaya)
Dajjal Lures the Women
The Dajjal will make a stop at a place called Markanat, near Taif. On hearing about his arrival the womenfolk will rush towards him, the men will be forced to tie their mothers, daughters, and sisters fearing they will believe in him and get caught up in fitna. (Ibne Umar-Musnad Ahmad)
Safe Haven of Makkah and Madinah
The Dajjal will remain on earth for 40 days, the first of which will be a year long, second a month , the third a week, and the remaining 37 days like our normal days, moving from city to another causing fitna. Finally he will proceed towards Makkah and Madina but he will be unable to enter these holy cities, Masjid Tur and Masjid al-Aqsa. Every time he tries to enter these holy places, angels guarding these holy cities with swords in their hand will encounter him and chase him away, leaving Dajjal stationed behind Uhud. Meanwhile, earthquakes will hit Madinah thrice and all the hypocrites will be forced to leave.
Losing hope of entering these holy places, Dajjal will turn towards Syria. Imam Mahdi will already have arranged a Muslim army and will be on the verge of leading the Muslims in morning prayer when Prophet Isa (A.S.) will descend and Kill the Dajjal. (Usamah / Ibne Majah)
Protection from Dajjal
Reciting of Surah - Kahf
The recitation of Surah Kahf is a safe guard from the Dajjal’s turmoil. The Prophet (S.A.W.) said, “Whoever memorises the first ten verses of Surah Kahf will be safe from the Dajjal’s Fitna.” (Abu-Darda / Muslim)
The Prophet (S.A.W.) said, ‘Whoever meets the Dajjal amongst you then he should recite the opening verse of Surah Kahf onto him.” (Nawwas-b-Samaan / Muslim)
Seeking refuge in Allah
Whoever seeks Allah’s refuge and protection from Dajjal’s fitna especially in Salah, Inshallah will be protected.
The Prophet (S.A.W) would pray in Salah, “Oh Allah protect me from the punishment of the grave and protect me from Dajjal’s fitna.” (Aisha / Bukhari / Muslim)
Staying miles apart
When the Dajjal appears one should stay as far away from him as possible. The Prophet Peace and blessings be upon him said, “Those who hear about the Dajjal should stay far from him. By Allah! A person will approach him thinking him to be a believer, but on seeing his amazing feats he will become his follower.” (Imran-b-Hussain / Abu Daud)
Safe Haven of Makkah and Madinah
One should try to migrate to Makkah or Madinah, as he will not be able to enter these two holy cities. Thus one will be protected from his fitna. (Fatimah-b-Qais / Muslim)
Knowledge of Allah’s Attributes
One should seek Islamic knowledge especially knowledge of Allah’s attributes. By possessing knowledge of Allah’s attributes one will not be misled by the Dajjal. This knowledge teaches that Allah is perfect, can’t be seen, and not in need of anything while the Dajjal is imperfect, can be seen by both believers and non-believers and in need of food and water.